Daylight saving time: Why we still have to change our clocks even though a bill passed to make it permanent
Why do we change our clocks to summer time? Because it’s the law.
Daylight saving time 2022 ends this Sunday, November 6th at 2am. For most people, this means you should plan to change your clocks on the night of Saturday, November 5, setting them back a full hour; you’ll “get” an extra hour of sleep or maybe enjoy an extra hour of fun on a Saturday night.
Computers, TVs, and cell phones will automatically update at 2 a.m., but you’ll want to manually set all other clocks back one hour. We always “fly forward” when summer time starts and “retreat” when it ends.
Daylight saving time, colloquially called “summer time”, starts on the second Sunday in March and ends on the first Sunday in November. Clocks are on “standard time” the rest of the year.
But despite some confusion on social media, daylight savings time won’t become permanent (or end) next year.
In March, the US Senate approved a a law known as the Sun Protection Act that daylight saving time be permanent throughout the country. But the bill stalled in the House, which has not yet scheduled a debate on the topic.
“I can’t say it’s a priority,” Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. said. (DN.J.), Chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee The Hill earlier this year. “We have so many other priorities, but just because it’s not a priority doesn’t mean we’re not trying to work on it. We’re.”
So, until the House acts on the stalled bill, most of us will continue to change our clocks twice a year in 2023.
Daylight saving time was first established during World War I to save fuel for the war industry. The law was repealed after the end of World War I, but was reinstated by Congress during World War II due to energy consumption and became US law in 1966 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Uniform Time Act, establishing uniform start and end times within zone standard time. The policy, which is regulated by the Ministry of Transport, aims to save energy, reduce traffic deaths and reduce crime.
DST is not observed in Hawaii and most of Arizona, but because the Uniform Time Act mandates daylight saving time, any other state that wants to be exempt from changing the clock each year must get approval from Congress. More than a dozen states, including New York, have introduced legislation to make Daylight Savings Time permanent, but have made no progress at the federal level.
“Research and studies have shown that moving the clocks forward one hour in the spring and back in the fall can adversely affect the safety, health and welfare of the public,” said New York State Senator Joseph Griffo (R-47). Bill proposed in 2020. “Keeping Daylight Savings Time year-round can lead to energy savings and reduced crime and traffic accidents and increased economic activity, which helps businesses and the economy.”
Some health experts opposed making daylight saving time permanent, calling it a “bad idea”.
dr. Nathaniel F. Watson, a spokesman for the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and a neurologist at the University of Washington Sleep Medicine Center, said NBC: “If we do this, it’s essentially dosing the entire United States with jet lag — permanent jet lag.”
The scientists argue that ending the clock change could be particularly harmful for young students, leading to more seasonal depression, learning difficulties and physical health problems.
“If the House were to pass the Sun Protection Act in its current form, then for the first time in 40 years, the United States would experience daylight saving time in the winter,” wrote “Generation Sleep” authors Heather Turgeon and Julie Wright in The Washington Post. “The sun would rise unnaturally late, especially in the northwestern part of each time zone: 9 a.m. in parts of Texas, 9:15 a.m. in Indiana, 9:45 a.m. in parts of Michigan. Students would not see the sun until well into the school day. This experiment took place in the United States in 1974. People found it so painful that it was abandoned after one winter.”
Daylight saving time was retained after World War II because it was believed that Americans were using less energy by extending daylight hours into the evening. However, a 2008 Department of Energy study found that DST reduces annual energy use by just 0.03 percent, and another study by the University of California-Santa Barbara found that daylight saving time may even increase energy use.
If nothing else, DST provides a good reminder for people to check their smoke detectors when they change the clock. New York State Firefighters Association says 60 percent of home fire deaths occur in homes without activated smoke alarms.
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